Transcript: National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan on “Face the Nation,” July 16, 2023

Transcript: National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan on “Face the Nation,” July 16, 2023
Transcript: National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan on “Face the Nation,” July 16, 2023

The next is a transcript of an interview with Nationwide Safety Adviser Jake Sullivan that aired on “Face the Nation” on July 16, 2023.

.MARGARET BRENNAN: We flip now to White Home Nationwide Safety Adviser Jake Sullivan, who joins us from Washington. Good morning to you, Jake. The presidential envoy on local weather John Kerry simply landed in Beijing. He is the third cupboard member in current weeks to go to China. Do you anticipate President Xi and Biden to speak anytime quickly?

WHITE HOUSE NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER JAKE SULLIVAN: Effectively, we do not have something to announce at present, however I do anticipate that in some unspecified time in the future, the president, President Biden, and President Xi may have the chance to talk once more. And there is a lot to evaluate within the relationship. It’s a huge, advanced, difficult relationship that must be managed fastidiously and that may solely actually be achieved successfully from the very prime. So I do anticipate in some unspecified time in the future the 2 leaders will communicate.

MARGARET BRENNAN: Effectively, , the Commerce Division has, in some ways, been this like tip of the spear on this competitors and restriction within the excessive tech area. That was one of many companies focused by China based mostly actors, based on Microsoft on this hacking. Reportedly, the Commerce Secretary herself had her e mail hacked. Will there be repercussions for Beijing?

SULLIVAN: Effectively, first, Margaret, this was an intrusion, really into Microsoft, into Microsoft’s cloud system. They usually went in by means of that to get into the unclassified e mail system of U.S. authorities companies. It was really the U.S. authorities that found the intrusion, alerted Microsoft, and shut it down. And we’re taking steps to be sure that that is not a vulnerability going ahead. We now have seen this sort of factor earlier than many instances over many administrations, and we take steps to attempt to maintain the related actors accountable and can achieve this on this case.

MARGARET BRENNAN: They’re China based mostly actors, based on Microsoft. Do you could have any motive to dispute that?

SULLIVAN: Effectively, we haven’t- No, I’ve no motive to dispute what Microsoft is saying. We undergo a rigorous strategy of attribution. We now have not formally attributed it, however I’ve seen nothing to dispute Microsoft’s judgment on who did this.

MARGARET BRENNAN: The Treasury Secretary instructed us that China’s choice to chop off elements for pc chips beginning August 1 could also be retaliatory for a number of the actions the U.S. has taken to limit tech gross sales to China. Do you see this as tit for tat strikes right here? Are we in a interval of escalation, regardless of your diplomatic outreach?

SULLIVAN: Look, I am unable to get contained in the heads of the Chinese language choice makers, so I am undecided what was motivating them. What I do know is that I feel it is a self defeating transfer, as a result of I consider that it’ll solely reinforce the willpower of many different nations on the earth to de-risk, to search out methods to cut back dependencies and enhance the resilience of their very own provide chains, together with for the sorts of crucial minerals which might be at challenge on this specific choice. So from our perspective, we’re being clear and clear about steps we’re taking. We’re not trying to finish all commerce with China, what we’re trying to do is have a small yard of restrictions on expertise with nationwide safety implications, and a excessive fence round that yard. That is what we’ll proceed to do. And China, in fact, should make its personal choices.

MARGARET BRENNAN: Staying in Asia. We noticed this week that North Korea seems to have taken a major step in direction of an intercontinental ballistic missile that might put the US inside vary of a nuclear weapon probably. Are you involved that they’ll perform one other nuclear check within the coming weeks?

SULLIVAN: I’ve been involved for a while that North Korea would conduct what can be its seventh nuclear check going again a number of administrations. And I stay involved about that. I do not see any instant indications that that is going to occur. However it could not come as a shock if North Korea moved ahead with one other nuclear check with respect to its intercontinental ballistic missile functionality. It is a functionality they started testing a number of years in the past, they’ve continued to check it. We watch all of these assessments very carefully to see how it’s creating. And we coordinate extraordinarily carefully with our allies with Japan and Korea, to be sure that we’re responding in lockstep to this risk.

MARGARET BRENNAN: Have you ever made any new diplomatic overtures since this check in an effort to negotiate with Pyongyang or discuss to them in any respect?

SULLIVAN: Not since this check, however over the course of the Biden administration, now we have indicated to North Korea that we’re ready to sit down down and discuss with out preconditions about their nuclear program. And we have additionally made clear to China that it’s the United States who is prepared for diplomacy, and North Korea who will not be. So from our perspective, China has a task to play right here too, given its relationship with North Korea, to point to the North Koreans that its continued testing, is destabilizing, and, frankly, is in truth solely creating circumstances during which the US, our allies, and companions must step up our actions and posture to reply to the risk.

MARGARET BRENNAN: You might be simply again from Europe the place the President was at this NATO Summit. On the diplomatic entrance, although, there are different points as nicely, together with the expiration of what is often known as this Black Sea initiative to permit for ships carrying meals, leaving Ukraine to soundly go with out Russia attacking them. Is there any signal from Vladimir Putin that he’s keen to increase this?

SULLIVAN: Look, I am unable to predict what Vladimir Putin will do. He has been all around the map with respect to this initiative over the course of the previous many months. It’s attainable that Russia pulls out of it, it’s attainable they proceed. If in truth, they pull out of it, the remainder of the world will check out that and say that Russia has turned its again on guaranteeing that the nations of the worldwide south and Africa and Latin America and Asia can get the meals they want at reasonably priced costs. And I feel that may come at an infinite diplomatic value to Russia going ahead. So it is a selection Vladimir Putin goes to must make. We’re ready for any situation and we’re working carefully with the Ukrainians on that.

MARGARET BRENNAN: Okay, as a result of it is set to run out at midnight tomorrow. By way of the guarantees made at NATO, there was this common pledge to probably enable Ukraine to hitch sooner or later. Are you involved that that may form a negotiation probably with Russia to finish the battle, the place they’re incentivized to simply drag this out?

SULLIVAN: The Ukrainians are at present, as we communicate, bravely and courageously, pushing towards the Russian traces within the south, and within the east. They’re inflicting monumental injury on the Russian forces. The West is working to proceed to tighten the squeeze of our sanctions, hollowing out Russia’s protection industrial base, weakening its capability to supply superior expertise. We’ll proceed to place financial stress on Russia, and the Ukrainians will proceed to place army stress on Russia. So I feel in the long run, if Russia chooses to proceed preventing on this conflict, it’ll come at a grave value to Russia. And Ukraine will proceed to make progress on the battlefield. Within the meantime, we’re going to be sure that Ukraine has the help it wants for so long as it takes, and that could be a message that got here out of the NATO Summit. And eventually, sure, we mentioned at NATO very merely Ukraine’s future is in NATO. We meant it. That is not up for negotiation. That is one thing that now all 31 allies have dedicated to.

MARGARET BRENNAN: Not up for negotiation. Okay. On Iran, earlier than I allow you to go, you’ve got mentioned that the administration is attempting to place Iran’s nuclear program again within the field, finally, by means of some diplomatic effort. Are you near any kind of understanding on that entrance and any kind of understanding that may enable for the 4 People to be launched?

SULLIVAN: We now have tried very exhausting to safe the discharge of the 4 unjustly detained People in Iran, now we have achieved so for the reason that day that President Biden took workplace. We now have had oblique contact with Iran on this in an effort to attempt to get a deal that might get them launched. We now have not arrived at an understanding that may get them out at this level. We’re persevering with to work at it. My hope is that we’ll get it achieved. However sadly at present, Margaret, I haven’t got something to announce.

MARGARET BRENNAN: And by understanding when it comes to the nuclear program, this might not be any form of written settlement. We aren’t near any form of precise deal?

SULLIVAN: With respect to the nuclear program, we’re not near any form of a deal.

MARGARET BRENNAN: And, could I rapidly ask you about Rob Malley, the President’s envoy. Is he coming again to the administration? We perceive he is being suspended because the safety clearance has been reviewed.

SULLIVAN: Rob Malley has served a number of administrations faithfully and nicely. He’s a public servant. He’s a diplomat. He’s engaged in excessive degree, excessive stakes diplomacy for a very long time. And he is somebody who quite a lot of us, together with myself, have deep respect for. I am unable to communicate to the present circumstances. I’ve to refer you to the State Division on that.

MARGARET BRENNAN: All proper, Jake- Jake Sullivan, thanks for becoming a member of us at present.

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